Cloud-native applications have emerged as a popular trend in recent years, with many organizations seeking their benefits. Simply put, cloud-native applications are software applications designed to run and operate efficiently in a cloud computing environment. They are built using modern, container-based architectures and are highly scalable, resilient, and adaptable.

The benefits of building cloud-native applications are numerous. They allow organizations to take advantage of the cost savings and flexibility of cloud computing and enable faster deployment and easier management of applications. Cloud-native applications also provide increased reliability and scalability and the ability to adapt to changing business needs.

However, building cloud-native applications also presents its own set of challenges. For example, developers must be skilled in containerization technologies, microservices architecture, understand cloud infrastructure, and cloud-native application development best practices. Additionally, organizations must ensure that their IT infrastructure is compatible with cloud-native applications and that their teams are trained to manage and operate these applications effectively.

This article will explore the top benefits and challenges of building cloud-native applications in more detail. We will discuss how cloud-native applications can help organizations achieve their business goals and how they can overcome the challenges associated with building and operating these applications.

Benefits of Building Cloud-native Applications

Cloud-native applications are designed to run on cloud infrastructure, taking advantage of their scalability, flexibility, and cost-effectiveness.

Reduced Costs

One of the most significant benefits of building cloud-native applications is the reduced cost. Traditional applications require a lot of upfront investment in hardware, software, and maintenance costs. However, with cloud-native applications, the costs are significantly reduced as the cloud service provider provides the infrastructure. It means there is no need to purchase and maintain expensive hardware and software, which reduces the upfront costs and the overall cost of ownership.

Additionally, cloud-native applications are highly efficient, meaning they can run on fewer resources. This reduces the cost of hosting the application and the associated maintenance costs, as the cloud provider manages most of the infrastructure for you.

Increased Flexibility

Another significant benefit of building cloud-native applications is the increased flexibility it provides. These applications can be developed using a range of programming languages, tools, and frameworks. Developers can use their preferred tools and technologies to build applications that meet their specific needs.

Furthermore, cloud-native applications are designed to be highly portable, which means they can be deployed across different cloud platforms, allowing developers to leverage the best features of each cloud provider and avoid vendor lock-in.

Improved Scalability

Finally, cloud-native applications are scalable, essential in today’s fast-paced business environment. Cloud providers offer automatic scaling capabilities, meaning these applications can handle unpredictable spikes in traffic without manual intervention.

This scalability is achieved by using microservices architecture, which allows the application to be split into smaller components that can be scaled independently. Developers can focus on scaling only the components that need scaling rather than the entire application.

Building cloud-native applications offers many benefits, making it an ideal choice for businesses developing modern applications. By taking advantage of cloud infrastructure, developers can build great applications without worrying about the underlying infrastructure.

Challenges of Building Cloud-native Applications

While building cloud-native applications can bring many benefits to organizations, they also come with challenges. For example:

Complex Infrastructure

One of the biggest challenges of building cloud-native applications is managing the complex infrastructure required to support them. Cloud-native applications are deployed and run on cloud infrastructure, including various services and technologies such as containers, Kubernetes, and serverless computing. These technologies are often new and rapidly evolving, making it difficult for developers to keep up with the latest best practices and technologies.

Additionally, cloud-native applications often require a high degree of automation and orchestration to manage and scale efficiently. It can be challenging to set up and maintain, particularly for small or inexperienced development teams.

Security Concerns

Security is a significant concern when building cloud-native applications. Cloud environments are particularly vulnerable to cyber attacks, and using complex technologies such as containers and Kubernetes can increase the attack surface.

To mitigate these risks, developers must take extra care to secure their applications and infrastructure. It can include implementing best practices such as least privilege access controls, encryption, and regular security audits. However, these measures require additional resources and expertise that may not be readily available to all organizations.

Lack of Resources

Building cloud-native applications can require significant resources, including specialized expertise, tools, and infrastructure. Smaller organizations with limited budgets may find it challenging to invest in these resources and compete with larger enterprises.

Building cloud-native applications requires high collaboration and coordination between development, operations, and security teams. It can be challenging to achieve without the right tools and processes, which can also be a barrier to adoption.

Therefore, developers must be prepared to manage complex infrastructure, address security concerns, and invest in the necessary resources and expertise to build successful cloud-native applications. By addressing these challenges, organizations can successfully leverage the power of cloud-native technologies to drive innovation and growth.


Building cloud-native applications comes with numerous benefits and challenges. Despite the challenges of migrating from traditional application development, cloud-native applications offer several advantages, including increased scalability, agility, and resilience. These applications allow developers to focus more on delivering business value to end-users while reducing the time it takes to develop and deploy applications. Furthermore, cloud-native applications are designed to run on cloud infrastructure, making them more cost-effective than traditional applications. With the benefits of cloud-native applications, organizations can remain competitive and meet their customers’ needs in today’s digital-first world.